Ebru / Paper Marbling
Ebru Art, or Paper Marbling, is a method of surface design that resembles the look of a marble stone. The colors are floated on the surface of a liquid thickened by a material called size, and the patterns are formed on the surface using assistive tools, such as sticks and combs. The results are variety of patterns, from a marble look to flowers, floating waves and more. These are then transferred onto a surface such as paper, ceramic, or fabric. Due to the fluid nature of the making-process, it is impossible to replicate an exact same result again, which usually is considered as one of the interesting aspects of this art form.
The history of Ebru Art form goes back to the 15th century Central Asia, it was further developed by the well known Ebru artists during the Ottoman Empire era. Starting in the 17th century, this art form started becoming popular in Europe as well when it grabbed the attention of European travellers to Middle East, and has been widely used for book covers and as a background for calligraphy pieces.